English Tudor generically refers to the timber-frame architecture of medieval England. In true timber and half-timber framing, the wall structure is made of heavy timbers, with the spaces between the framing members infilled with various materials and covered with plaster.
American examples of this style were not generally based on true timber construction, but merely imitated the visual effect of this method. Small one-and-one-half-story residences, primarily constructed after World War I by speculative builders on small suburban lots, comprise the majority of these buildings. They incorporate surface characteristics of English vernacular cottages using contemporary materials.
Picturesque irregular massing, a variety of window shapes, and the decorative use of materials combined to make these small but affordable houses popular--despite their small lots and inflexible plans.
--steeply pitched gable roof, often a clipped gable
--exposed framing members (occasionally carved) with panels infilled with stucco
--stucco walls with randomly placed areas of exposed brick or stone
--round or segmental arch openings
--diamond-pane and/or bottle-glass lights
--tall casement windows with numerous small lights
--brick and stone masonry in a textured pattern
--terra cotta window and door surrounds
--simulated thatched roofs of wood and asphalt shingles
--clay chimney pots
Click on images to view full-size image