This term covers a wide variety of American architecture, including buildings inspired by English and Dutch vernacular architecture of the colonial period and the more formal English-inspired architecture of the Georgian and Federal periods of the late 18th and early 19th centuries. Extremely popular in Utah as a residential style, it is also seen in numerous religious buildings and in some commercial and institutional buildings.
Common characteristics of the style include the gambrel roofs often associated with “Dutch Colonial” architecture but found widely in New England as well. Gambrel roof designs became especially popular in Salt Lake City, particularly for cottages. Colonial Revival buildings also include and high-style architecture borrowed from Georgian houses, including Palladian windows and fanlights.
The Cape Cod cottage, an indigenous New England house type, first became a popular sub-style of the Colonial Revival during the 1930s. Early 20th-century plan books, such as the nationally popular Radford’s Bungalows, contained numerous Colonial Revival designs.
--hip, gable, or gambrel roofs
--porches and /or porticos with classical motifs
--surfaces covered in shingles, wood siding, or brick
--Palladian windows in second-story walls or gables
--side and transom lights around the main entry
--clear leaded-glass windows
--multiple light sashes above single light sashes
--broken, segmental, or swan’s neck pediments