As mentioned above, the bungalow expressed comfort and a sense of shelter, qualities emphasized by the texture of exposed beams, rafters, shingles, bricks, cobblestones, and other structural features. Bungalow plans were advertised as open, informal, and economical. The front door of the bungalow often opened directly into the dining room.
The most popular house type in Utah during the first quarter of the 20th century, bungalows are common throughout the state. However, the bungalow court—a group of bungalows separated by a walkway—that was common in other areas of the United States was rare in Utah. The bungalow became the basic middle-class house, replacing the Victorian cottage of the later 19th century. Numerous pattern books, many published in California, helped make it popular, as did a period of economic prosperity that allowed families to purchase their first homes.
--one or one and a half stories on a rectangular plan
--several major roof types: (1) long, steeply pitched roofs with eaves parallel to the street covering porches that stretch the full width of the façade; (2) low-pitched roofs in California bungalows; (3) hip roofs in Prairie-style examples
--dormers in the slope of the roof, often facing the street
--cobblestone and/or brick (especially clinker brick) foundations
--exposed rafters, purlins, ridge beams, brackets
--projecting bays on the main floor
--battered (i.e., rough-textured) stone piers supporting porch roofs
--geometrically patterned leaded or stained-glass windows